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A Mini-IT Glossary for Small Business Owners

By Nextrio on December 28th, 2012 Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditlinkedinmailby feather

Virtual security is a critical concern for businesses of all sizes, but the various abbreviations, acronyms, and other industry-specific IT terms are enough to confuse any casual computer user.  Fortunately, we’ve compiled some of the most common IT terms to help you articulate your business’s needs.

Apps: An abbreviation for “applications.”  Although apps are commonly used to refer to smartphone programs, the term can also be applied to desktop computer programs.

Backup: A backup is an archive of an entire hard drive or other critical data on a server or other external storage media.

Cloud: A “cloud” technically refers to any network which transmits information through a series of cables, router, switches, and servers—the Internet is a prime example.  Cloud computing services allow users to store and access data in a centralized network without the burden of additional hardware, and they can be Web-based, private, or hybrid.

Malware: Abbreviation for “malicious software.”  Malware programs vary widely in terms of design and execution, but they can monitor, steal, or otherwise corrupt sensitive data.  Common types of malware include viruses, Trojans, worms, and spyware.

Managed IT: Managed IT outsources critical IT services such as backup/storage, security, and servers, alleviating the overhead costs and liability of maintaining extra equipment.

Password Policy: An automated policy which prevents users from using overly predictable passwords, such as “password” or “123456.”

PCI Compliance: A procedure established by the PCI Security Standards Council which includes guidelines for user authentication, firewalls, antivirus, encryption, maintenance, and accounts handling.

Saas: Common abbreviation for “software-as-a-service.”  Various Web apps use this model such as e-mail providers, Google apps, or cloud-based storage.  These services are becoming extremely popular due to their scalability, speed, and low maintenance.

SSL Encryption: Abbreviation for “secure sockets layer,” an Internet security protocol which is used to authenticate business websites and encrypt connections.

Virtualization: Refers to the process in which a business’s data infrastructure is pooled and streamlined for maximum efficiency.

No matter what your IT needs are, we here at Nextrio can provide secure, customized IT services to meet your business’s needs.  Whether your priorities lie in data security, workflow management, or network design, we can help.  Call (520) 545-7100 or contact us online today.